New Delhi, February 4 (IANS): There were 127 tiger deaths, with a maximum (42) of them in Madhya Pradesh, in 2021 compared to 106 deaths in 2020, Parliament announced on Thursday.
“Of the 127, Madhya Pradesh alone had 42 deaths, the highest, followed by Maharashtra at 27. Apart from that, Karnataka saw 15 deaths, Uttar Pradesh nine, Assam and Kerala , six each while Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu and Telangana Uttarakhand saw three tiger deaths while Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and West Bengal saw one tiger death each,” the minister said. of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change Ashwini Kumar Choubey to Rajya Sabha in a written response. , citing figures provided by the states.
“The average lifespan of tigers in the wild is usually 10-12 years and in natural ecosystem factors like old age, disease, gut fighting, electrocution, entrapment, drowning, road, rails etc. and very high infant mortality seen in big cats including tigers are responsible for the majority of tiger deaths,” he added.
The minister also listed the measures taken by the government to prevent such deaths and on the preservation methods.
“Thanks to the efforts of the Government of India through the National Tiger Conservation Authority, the tiger has been brought back from the brink of extinction to a sure path to recovery, which is evident in the findings of the All India four-year estimate Tiger Estimate conducted in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018.”
These results showed a healthy annual growth rate of tigers at 6%, which offsets natural losses and keeps tigers within the carrying capacity of habitats, in the Indian context, he said.
On December 30, 2021, the ministry issued a clarification on media reports of tiger deaths in the country, in which it stated that “for the period 2012 to 2021, the average number of tiger deaths per year in the country has hovered around 98, which is offset by annual recruitment as evidenced by this sustained rate of growth”.
In addition, the National Tiger Conservation Authority has taken several measures under the ongoing Project Tiger centralized program to combat poaching, which is also significantly controlled as evidenced by confirmed cases of poaching and seized, he said.